The federal ministry of health has advised Nigerians to avoid eating monkeys, bush-meats and dead animals to avoid the risk of contacting the monkey pox disease. Monkey pox disease has affected nothing less than 13 people in Bayesla, including a medical doctor.
Monkey pox is caused by Monkey pox virus, which belongs to the orthopoxvirus group of viruses. Other orthopoxviruses that cause infections in humans include variola (smallpox), vaccinia (used for smallpox vaccine), and cowpox viruses. Monkey pox is a rare viral disease that occurs mainly in the rain forest countries of central and West Africa. The disease was first discovered in laboratory monkeys in 1958. Blood tests of animals in Africa later found evidence of monkey pox infection in a number of African rodents. The virus that causes monkey pox was recovered from an African squirrel. Laboratory studies showed that the virus also could infect mice, rats, and rabbits. In 1970, monkey pox was reported in humans for the first time.
In humans, monkey pox is similar to smallpox, although it is often milder. Unlike smallpox, monkey pox causes lymph nodes to swell
(lymphadenopathy). The incubation period for monkey pox is about 12 days (range 7 to 17 days). The illness begins with fever, headache,
muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, a general feeling of discomfort, and exhaustion. Within 1 to 3 days (sometimes longer) after
the appearance of fever, the patient develops a papular rash (i.e., raised bumps), often first on the face but sometimes initially on other parts of the body. The lesions usually develop through several stages before crusting and falling off.
The illness typically lasts for 2 to 4 weeks.
How do people get monkey pox?
Monkey pox can spread to humans from an infected animal through an animal bite or direct contact with the animal’s lesions or body fluids. The disease also can be spread from person to person, although it is much less infectious than smallpox. The virus is thought to be transmitted by respiratory droplets during direct and prolonged face-to-face contact. In addition, it is possible monkey pox can be spread by direct contact with body fluids of an infected person or with virus-contaminated objects, such as bedding or clothing.
Treatment or vaccine for monkey pox?
Currently, there is no proven, safe treatment for monkey pox. Smallpox vaccine has been reported to reduce the risk of monkey pox among previously vaccinated persons in Africa. CDC is recommending that persons investigating monkey pox outbreaks and involved in caring for infected individuals or animals should receive a smallpox vaccination to protect against monkey pox. Persons who have had close or intimate contact with individuals or animals confirmed to have monkey pox should also be vaccinated. These persons can be vaccinated up to 14 days after exposure. CDC is not recommending pre-exposure vaccination for unexposed individuals or veterinarians, veterinary staff, or animal control officers, unless such persons are involved in field investigations.
please visit the nearest healthcare service provide (hospital) if you’ve noticed any of the symptoms or think someone may have been exposed to the virus.